CABINDA : Object of geopolitical and geostrategic issues
Located in the vast equatorial forest of Mayombe, Cabinda la Verte opens widely to the Atlantic where the reflection of the flares, offshore, reveals a coveted wealth: oil. The enclave is wedged between the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire), about sixty kilometers above the mouth of the Congo River, which marks the start of the northwest border with the ‘Angola. With 7,270 square kilometers and corresponds to fifteen times the area of the island of Madeira, twenty times the Seychelles, five times the Mauritius. It has an estimated population of 688,285 inhabitants, residents of the territory (according to the 2014 census), not counting tens of thousands of exiles who live in refugee camps and in the diaspora. The territory of Cabinda has four municipalities: Belize, Buco-Zau, Landana and Tchiowa, the provincial capital. Cabinda is considered by some to be an “African Kuwait” due to the combination of its geographic and demographic narrowness with huge offshore oil fields and promising on-shore reserves.
Cabinda asserts itself as an entity distinct from Angola, both from a socio-historical and geographical point of view as from the point of view of cultural identity. The Angolan identity that has been imposed on him, by blood and tears since 1975, is seen as an anthropological annihilation of his soul.
With all it has for resources, Cabinda could become one of the best places in the world to live. This is no guesswork, but obvious. It is simply a question of good governance for its destiny.
It is a territory very rich in natural resources. In addition to petroleum, Cabinda’s subsoil contains uranium, gold, diamonds, phosphate, manganese and iron, among other minerals, not to mention its agricultural potential. This territory also has all the conditions for several species of fauna. Along its coast and in certain rivers and lagoons, there is an exceptional fishery wealth.
Mayombe is an endless “vegetal sea” of greenery, of a singular dizzying beauty in Africa, of a verdant obsession, combined with hundreds of different species of lepidoptera that everyone admires. Its wealth is far superior in its entirety to that of many countries in the world.
Paradoxically, the people of Cabinda experience extreme, scandalous and intolerable poverty. The cost of living is so high that it doesn’t even compare to that of Luanda.
Peace will enlighten us of humanity and goodness
Peace is not just the mere absence of violence or unrest. This is when there is a possibility of conflict but you make a conscious decision to avoid violence, adopt and use peaceful methods and means to resolve the problem. This is real peace.